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Roman Republic, Denarius

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Roman Republic, Denarius (obverse) Roman Republic, Denarius (reverse)

The obverse of this denarius from 63 BC depicts the head of Vesta, the goddess of hearth, home, and family and the keeper of the sacred fire. The Romans regarded the correct execution of her cult a precondition for the well-being of the state. Six virgin priestesses, the Vestals, were entrusted with the execution of Vesta's cult. The reverse of the coin shows a voter dropping a table marked V into a chest. The V is short for VTI ROGAS and was used when casting a favorable vote. The design refers to a famous trial of 113 BC, where three Vestals were accused of improper conduct and sentenced to death.

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