After a grave depression in the 1890s the American economy boomed at the beginning of the 20th century like never before. It was a golden age for large parts of the population, not only in the United States. Europe flourished also; in France, this era was called "la belle époque." During that golden epoch the most beautiful American coins were minted. Two big gold coins took the center stage: the eagle at 10 and the double eagle at 20 dollars. The famous American sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens redesigned both coins in 1906.